Turkestan is a spiritual capital for the peoples of Kazakhstan and Central Asia that occupies an important place in the culture of the Ancient East. Written sources of the 10th century reveals that the city was originally called Shavgar and Yasi before it becomes to call Turkestan. Root meaning of the word "Turk" - courage and bravery, and "Stan" - translated from the Persian as country or unity. Consequently, the word "Turkestan" means "Country of the brave people". According to the historical sources, up to the 8th century Shavgar (Yasi) was a part of the Turkic, the West, the Turgesh and the Karluk Kaganates, besides it was the capital of the Arab, the Karluk and the Oguz people.
Without going into jungle of history during the reign of Yesim Khan (1598-1628), for harden his political position, had appointed Turkestan as the capital city and had began to mint its own coins there. Thus, thence until the 19th century Turkestan was the economic center and the main power unit of the Kazakh Khanate. Particularly in the 16th – 17th centuries Turkestan, as one of the most developed cities of the Kazakh Khanate became to political conduct regulations with neighboring Russia. Since that time a huge amount of historical documents of Turkestan was composed by Russia. If we talk briefly about the events of that time, Turkestan, became as a part of the Kazakh Khanate in 1598, was captured by the Kokand Khanate in 1815. Then, 50 years later, in 1864, Turkestan was transferred to the Russia. And in 1872, became the center of Turkestan County. During the Soviet period, in 1928, Turkestan considered to be the regional center. All Muslims know about the city of Turkestan. It should not go unmentioned Hoja Ahmet Yassawe, the author of the "Wisdom Book", since he can’t be separated from Turkestan. Hoja Ahmet Yassawe was born in 1103 and lived in Turkestan for life, preaching for Sufism in Islam. His followers, regarded him as holy and spiritual leader for 900 years, used and preached his principles and teachings. East Ruler Amir Timur commemorated bicentennial anniversary of the Yasawi death and built majestic and beautiful mausoleum in the 14th century, which up to this day stays a landmark and symbol of Turkestan.
Modern Turkestan is changing day by day. New industrial projects and parks are building. A major achievement of the city is the new International Kazakh-Turkish University. In the near future they’re planning the construction of new museums and exhibition centers, a library and a small mosque, which will store the notes of Sufi followers from all over Central Asia. "With hindsight, we must realize the present," - says the poet Olzhas Suleimenov. Turkestan - one of the oldest cities in Kazakhstan. He has special features, a special destiny. From the depths of the centuries it was erected, as the embodiment of the true antiquity, however, is relevant up to this day. Today we are reviving spiritual values, as we can’t build a brighter future without them.саябақтары және т.б. ғимараттар бой көтерген.